The day will come when the greatness of nations will be judged not by the strength of their military, nor by the splendour of their cities and bridges, but by the priority that they give to the most vulnerable members of society – its children and the opportunity to each and every child to develop
to its full potential.
Dalit children are victimized due to the frustrated, exploited socio-economic conditions and the power structure of the society. Dalit children are having the background of poor parenting poverty, ignorance, child abuse and poor schooling. Most of the Dalit children are the first generation learners. They are having less motivation in studies due to poor parental support on education. Instead of education becomes a privilege for the children, it becomes a burden to the children due to the following reasons:
The child of the widows, destitute parents and the orphan children’s education is a question and often it is forbidden to them.
Quality education is not given to Dalit children, especially for poor children and dropout children. The upper section of the society is providing quality education in the form of:
All such above privileges and opportunities were forbidden, ignored and not given to Dalit children.
Child labour refers to work undertaken by children below the legal minimum working age. This is based on ILO minimum age convention 1973, No. 138 (ILO 2006a ). The minimum working age is generally 15 (but it could be fixed to 14 by developing countries). A 13 year old teenager may be allowed to take a light job (12 years for developing countries). The minimum age to practice hazardous work for health or safety is 18.
There is a strong gender bias in the Indian culture, which starts with the distribution of the financial resources in the household. There is also a systematic discrimination against girls with respect to the access to the basic needs such as health care, education, and food to some degree. This is revealed in gender differences in indicators such as malnourishment, morbidity, mortality and in adverse female sex ratios. Patriarchal family system establishes men’s leading status. Sons do not only enjoy financial favours in terms of household allowances, but they also inherit most of their parents’ properties. Cultural norms and practices tend to perpetuate the stereotypes of girls being the mainstay support to their ageing parents. For this reason, most parents both in rural and urban areas invest more in sons than in daughters.
According to a census conducted in 2001:
 International Labour Organisation